Monday, November 28, 2011

"not to V" vs "to not V" ; "... and ... + have / has"?

"to not" or "not to"?
http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/browse_thread/thread/51ca586df3251796/

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"... and ... + have / has"?

Re: Have or has? Strict or flexible use.
http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/browse_thread/thread/594cd0cd4013d28a#
E.W.:
".... Identifying such things is sheer memorization of idiom."

Sunday, November 20, 2011

"and then" / ", then" ? ; have got

http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/msg/63c6102e989420aa



http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/browse_thread/thread/532d52cb40052007#
I've got a car.
I have a car.

Saturday, November 12, 2011

"I'm sure that" / "I'm glad that" + noun clause , adverbial that-clause

"整個混亂"-> 這是正常的,因為"英文文法"本來就沒有單一標準 -- 不同學者會有不同看法。所以你要思考的是你這樣子鑽的目的是什麼?因為前題是你要有足夠的語言能力(能看懂)才有辦法作細部分析(那些文法術語都是有語言表達上的意思)

如果你這樣子"鑽"的目的只是為了要"看懂",那麼這其實是學習上的前後倒置。如果你是因為學校上需要(英文系且是專攻語言學/文法術語一類),那麼我是建議你先提升語言能力(增加能看懂的能力),之後的文法分析就能得心應手

以下的內容(有增修/合併我的其它blogs)出自我之前貼的舊文:
http://www.english.com.tw/modules/newbb/viewtopic.php?topic_id=2924&forum=11&post_id=33482#forumpost33482
#28 和 #29 (djyang我本人)



I. adverbial clause

我用Google Books找到的,"Correct English ..." by Josephine Turck Baker,1907年的,不過這部分的解釋算是不錯(看下方貼圖,在Note的部分)
用Google Books找這本書。Google Books有提供PDF檔可以下傳
(1) I am glad that I have seen her.

貼圖書裡的解釋跟顏元叔編譯的文法書(*1)裡頭提到的"詞性/類轉換"有關聯,那就是句(1)裡頭的that子句本身是名詞子句,但是功能上帶有副詞作用 (explanatory),我想這也解釋了前頭Ruke提到的在他找的資料裡頭沒有提到that子句可以當副詞子句用的,而且我引的這書的內容也提到"for the time being" -- 是只有在這類少部分慣用表達才成立的用法,而不是普遍可以任意套用的用法。

至於這書的內容是不是唯一的解釋,或是近代書籍有別的看法我就不清楚了(待我再找找....)

---
這本也差不多
An Advanced English Grammar 1913
(也是有PDF檔可以下載)
--------
that-clause adverbial clause
A Grammar of present-day English
p. 151
She seems confident that she will be chosen.



(*1) 原書籍是 "A GRAMMAR OF PRESENT-DAY ENGLISH" by R. W. Pence
 

II. noun clause

這個例子則是提到接在形容詞後的that子句的noun clause用法(沒有提別的)

Explore Good English Grammar: Master the Structure of the Language - Page 263(因為是整頁所以請有興趣的人自己點來看)
by Mark Slim - Language Arts & Disciplines - 2004 - 456 pages

*... that noun clauses can come after some adjectives and nouns:
...
...
- I am glad that Joan has returned home safely.

glad - adjective
that Joan ... safely - noun clause

* You can leave out that in the above examples and similar cases.


由以上的 I,II 可以很清楚的得到這個結論 -- 以I am glad that ...這例句來說,不是只能有一種文法上的解釋,所以你喜歡哪個就採用哪個,不過我要強調的是在背這些文法術語分類啥的之前先確定有真的懂這句子的意思

(我後來又找到下列的 III )

III. complement, adjectival complementation

I'm sure (that) ....

-----------
"A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language", by Quirk et al

15.3-16 Nominal clauses

15.4 That-clauses
Nominal that-clauses may function as:
.....
.....
adjectival complementation: We are glad that you are able to join us on our wedding anniversary.
They may not ...
......
......

15.5 Wh-interrogative clauses
....
....
....
adjectival complementation: I'm not sure which she prefers.
....
....
I'm sure (that) Ted has paid.
I'm not sure who has paid.
.....
.....

Note:
.......
[b] In literary style, subject-verb inversion occasionally occurs when the wh-element ....

[c] Prepositions are optionally omitted before wh-clauses:
We have solved the problem (of) who was at fault.
I'm not sure (about) what to do.
.......


Complement clauses
---




What is a complement clause?
http://www-01.sil.org/Linguistics/GlossaryOfLinguisticTerms/WhatIsAComplementClause.htm
Examples .... Nonexamples .....


Adjective Complement
http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/parts-of-speech/adjectives/what-is-an-adjective-complement.html


文馨英漢當代辭典裡頭也有提到這用法:

Sunday, November 6, 2011

Cluster reduction ; phonetic blog

http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/msg/d070e126a5256630
"cluster reduction"
"five-sixths" -> a final cluster with a long [s:] /fayv sɪkss/ (same thread, next reply, about 'never')

http://www.usingenglish.com/forum/pronunciation-phonetics/101077-t-sound-american-english.html /T/ sound

aw, chucks
http://phonetic-blog.blogspot.com/2010/01/aw-shucks.html
THOUGHT
CAUGHT

ɔː /ɔ/

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

think thing ; It was he/him who/whom/that ...

The think thing
http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2008/05/04/the_think_thing/?page=full

You got another think coming
vs
You got another thing coming


It was he/him who/whom/that ...
http://groups.google.com/group/alt.usage.english/browse_thread/thread/13d2e35fdda1e336#