Thursday, September 27, 2012

My favorite fruits are...

My favorite fruits are apples and oranges.
http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/linking%20verb

Thursday, September 6, 2012

"would have had ... if she knew ..."? ; subjunctive "have been" vs "were"

https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/yz7pmJx6_sA/discussion

https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/pMnfkfG5V68/discussion

https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/qZ4AitiXK9s/discussion
--> Donna's posts


(not very informative ...)
https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/pPMhEHSBNOM/discussion
https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/veGsa7QLco8/discussion

------------------
The American Heritage Book of English Usage
if-clauses -- the traditional rules
if-clauses -- the reality
subjunctive after wish
....
https://books.google.com/books?id=BEHFyMCdwssC&lpg=PA38&dq=subjunctive%20%22would%20have%20to%22&pg=PA38#v=onepage&q=subjunctive%20%22would%20have%20to%22&f=false

Wednesday, September 5, 2012

Recommend

我是好奇啦,所以查了一下:
http://www.englishforums.com/English/RecommendSomebodySomething/blcmh/post.htm

這個(*1)有提到recommend 人+ to V:
https://groups.google.com/d/topic/alt.usage.english/nZCSSv1QWP0/discussion
裡頭有提到 Google 的 ngrams(分析一個特定字串在英文書籍裡頭往年的使用情形),所以好奇之下我用了一下(Google有改URL位置):
藍色: "Can you recommend me a"
紅色: "Can you recommend a"     
這基本上和我前頭附的討論串裡頭的英語人士講的情況符合。有些說法是「以前」有(所以會出現在字典收納的例句/用法裡頭),但是現在少用了。比如 "switch" 在「以前」(清朝末年/民國初年)的翻譯是「電門」,這在現在版本的Oxford English-Chinese Chinese-English Dictionary(*2)仍是有收錄這中文翻譯,且是擺在第一個位置。那麼如果現在的學生在考卷上寫「電門」.... 其實也不要說是英文考試,就算是國語/國文科的考試/作業這樣子寫也是會被直接劃掉打錯。

(*1) http://dunchee.blogspot.com/2011/02/blog-post_20.html

(*2) 我是在幾年前有次好奇在一間(美國)書局翻的。黃皮字典,沒記錯的話是Oxford出的。有空我再到書局翻最新版的
----
Update: 我到圖書館和書局找了 English-Chinese (/Chinese-English) 字典來翻,看樣子內容有更新(也多了些以前我沒看過的版本。連瑪爾寇涼的也有),所以沒看到我幾年前翻到的「電門」。不過網路上仍可以找到這個「電門」的蹤跡。除了用 Google Web 可以找到有把 switch 翻成「電門」的網站之外(有興趣的自己玩,我就不另外附上 links),Google Books上也有:



有空我再擴充/整理/補足